A major historical and cultural centre and an important port, St. Petersburg lies about 400 miles (640 km) northwest of Moscow and only about 7° south of the Arctic Circle. It is the second largest city of Russia and one of the world’s major cities. St. Petersburg has played a vital role in Russian history since its founding in 1703. For two centuries (1712–1918) it was the capital of the Russian Empire. Architecturally, it ranks as one of the most splendid and congenial cities of Europe. Its historic district was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990.


Eastern Europe, the Eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

Also knows as

"The Venice of the North", “The Palmyra of the North”.

Famous for

Drawbridges, White Nights.


From 18°C (64°F) to -6°C (22°F).


16 May, 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great. Was a capital of Russia.

Main cultural attractions

Hermitage Museum, Mariinskiy Opera and Ballet Theatre.


5 million (as of October 2012).


Pulkovo Airport